Jacques Rougerie Database

BIODOME An Artificial environment to sustain today's fauna and flora


BIODOME An Artificial environment to sustain today's fauna and flora

  • Year2013
  • LocationMediterranean Sea

The idea behind our project is to save today's wildlife by creating artificial environment. Buildings concept is formed from a sphere (Earth), submerged into the ocean. The Earth has six main layers: heavy layers (inner core, outer core and mantle) and light layers (crust and atmosphere). Thinking hypothetically, if we could put smaller ”Earth“ into the ocean as a sphere, all the layers affected by gravity would distribute from heaviest on the bottom to lightest on the top. Lightest layers, consisting Earth's crust and atmosphere would float on top of the water. We take these two layers of a sphere as a concept for our building (BIODOME). The dome sustains four main climate zone ecosystems: tropical / subtropical, Mediterranean, arid and temperate. All zones require different atmospheric conditions, so in order to create these conditions we separate them in different closed areas. Each area creates artificial atmosphere (rain, regulated sunlight duration, wind and snow) suitable only for its climate zone. Other ecosystem processes, such as converting CO2 into O2 and vice versa, creating nutrients from decaying living tissues (compost), and regulating animals population goes on itself, as dictated by laws of nature. Water is being reproduced naturally and if needed artificially delivered by sprinklers. Dome also consists living quarters for visiting people and laboratory for scientists, studying naturally emerging processes in the ecosystems.

Placing the building in the ocean enables all possibilities to make it self-sufficient. Also, to reduce energy consumption required for heating and chilling the building, it is best to place Biodome in Mediterranean climate zone, where coldest temperatures never gets below 0°C.


Team members: Marija Steponaviciute - Vitalijus Rudokas - Mantas Endriukaitis